Discover more about the interesting process of making porcelain tiles.
What are porcelain tiles made of? This may seem like a simple question, but porcelain is by no means a simple product. Porcelain has been crafted for several hundred years, and the process has been fine-tuned over the years to bring you the product we know today.
How are porcelain tiles made?
Porcelain tiles are made from a specific clay. This is mixed with feldspar, kaolin, quartz, water, and colour pigment. Once you have the mixture, this is pressed into moulds and baked in a kiln at temperatures up to 1240°C. This process and high temperature are what makes porcelain so hard-wearing. Baking at such high temperatures means that all the individual grains and particles of the mineral ingredients are completely fused together. This fusing forms a single mass to give porcelain its low porosity of 0.5%.
The benefits of porcelain tiles
There are several qualities that make porcelain a superior product. These include the following:
- There are several qualities that make porcelain a superior product. These include the following:
- The low porosity of porcelain means that it has an extremely low water-absorption rate, ideal for kitchens and bathrooms.
- They are also frost-resistant and UV-resistant, ideal for outdoor spaces.
- Their superior durability, strength, and resiliency make them a tough option, the perfect choice for high-traffic areas.
- Extremely low-maintenance, they are the ideal quality for kitchens and bathrooms.
- A great conductor of heat, for the perfect pairing for underfloor heating for those looking to add a luxury feel to the home.
- Although colours may vary from batch to batch, within the same batch number the tiles are uniform in colour and texture.
- With so many colours and finishes, they provide a sophisticated option for every home.
Porcelain vs Ceramic
Porcelain is baked at higher temperatures than ceramic; this makes it stronger. The additional materials added to the production process are also what help to classify porcelain.
With a better understanding of what porcelain tiles are made of, it is time to start shopping to find the right design for your home.